Botswana

The African landlocked country, Botswana, is formally known as the Republic of Botswana and is part of the continents southern region. South Africa, Zimbabwe, Zambia and Namibia are Botswana’s neighbours. Botswana has a strong tradition as a representative democracy and has the second highest Human Development Index of continental Sub-Saharan African countries.

Botswana is flat, and 70% of the country is covered by the Kalahari Desert. This region is made up of 2million citizens and is seen as the least populated country across Africa. The residents go by the name “Batswana” (singular: Motswana).

Botswana has varied animals and plants which make up the country’s natural environment. In addition to the delta and desert areas, there are grasslands and savannahs, where Blue Wildebeest, antelopes, and other mammals and birds are found.

Capital: Gaborone

Currency: Botswana pula

Government: Parliamentary republic

Official language: English Language, Tswana Language

Population: 2.004 million