São Tomé and Príncipe

São Tomé and Príncipe also known as the Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe is a Portuguese-speaking island state situated in the Gulf of Guinea, off the western equatorial coast of Central Africa.

São Tomé and Príncipe are comprised of two archipelagos around the two main islands. The name was given in honour of Saint Thomas by Portuguese explorers who arrived at the island on his feast day. São Tomé and Príncipe is the second-smallest African country after Seychelles and is also the smallest Portuguese-speaking country. Since the 1800s, the economy of São Tomé and Príncipe has been based on plantation agriculture.

At sea level in São Tomé and Príncipe the climate is hot and humid with average yearly temperatures of around 27 °C (80.6 °F) and little daily variation.

Capital: São Tomé Town

Currency: São Tomé and Príncipe dobra

Official language: Portuguese

Population: 195, 716