Guinea-Bissau was once part of the kingdom of Gabu, as well as part of the Mali Empire.
Merely 14% of the population speak the official language, Portuguese. 44% of the population speak Kriol, a Portuguese-based creole language, and the remainder speak native African languages. The main religions are African traditional religions and Islam, and there is a Christian minority.
Guinea-Bissau is a member of the African Union, Economic Community of West African States, Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, the Latin Union, Community of Portuguese Language Countries, La Francophonie and the South Atlantic Peace and Cooperation Zone.
Currency: West African CFA franc
Official language: Portuguese
Population: 1.9 million people